Report shows extent of endangered animal trade between Africa and Asia
Asia’s appetite for exotic animal products extends far beyond ivory and rhino horn.
In little over a decade, more than a million live animals and plants, many of them endangered, along with a similar number of animal skins and thousands of tons of meat have been legally exported from Africa to Asia, according to a new report from the wildlife monitoring organization Traffic.
The report says that almost 1,000 at risk but legally exportable species have been transported from dozens of African nations to countries in East and Southeast Asia between 2006 to 2015.
“Until now the legal wildlife trade between Africa and Asia has been largely overlooked but Traffic’s new study aims to fill in some of the blanks in our understanding of this vast, complex and legitimate intercontinental exchange of natural resources,” said Willow Outhwaite, co-author of the study.
While not illegal, the trade examined by Traffic includes species classed as Appendix I — the most endangered — and Appendix II, defined as “not necessarily threatened with extinction, but may become so unless trade is closely controlled,” by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) — an international treaty.
Traffic spokesman Richard Thomas while says it’s crucial to ensure that trade in wild animals and plants is legal, but it’s “absolutely critical” that that trade is kept within sustainable limits.
“Measures must be in place to be certain species are not being over-harvested. This is the goal that all government departments managing wildlife trade must strive to attain,” Thomas said.
As many as 41 countries and territories in Africa were involved in the export of live animals, plants and animal products to 17 different countries across Southeast East and East Asia, the report found.
Among the 975 species exported were the Ball Python and Leopard Tortoise, both of which are listed by CITES as “not necessarily threatened with extinction, but may become so unless trade is closely controlled.”
The bulk of these two species were exported to Hong Kong during the period examined by the report.
Elsewhere the report, which used CITES trade information to compile its data, Traffic found that more than 50 tons of Hippopotamus teeth were exported from Uganda and Tanzania; Namibia exported the highest number of mammal skins, mostly from Cape Fur Seals; and South Africa was the biggest single exporter of both live birds and mammals, as well as plants.
More than 1.3-million live animals and plants, 1.5-million skins and two thousand tonnes of meat were exported from a wide range of African countries, and while species raised in captivity made up an increasing proportion of exported specimens.