Queen delegates opening of Parliament to Prince Charles for first time

<p>Britain's Prince Charles sits by the The Imperial State Crown in the House of Lords Chamber, during the State Opening of Parliament, in the Houses of Parliament, in London, Tuesday, May 10, 2022. </p>

Ben Stansall/Pool Photo via AP

Britain's Prince Charles sits by the The Imperial State Crown in the House of Lords Chamber, during the State Opening of Parliament, in the Houses of Parliament, in London, Tuesday, May 10, 2022. 

LONDON (AP) — Queen Elizabeth II’s long reign entered new territory Tuesday when, for the first time in seven decades, she delegated the formal opening of Parliament to her son and heir, Prince Charles.

The ceremony, which includes the reading of the Queen’s Speech laying out the government’s legislative program, is considered an important symbol of the monarch’s constitutional role as head of state.

The queen’s decision to delegate her role to Charles is likely to be seen by the public as evidence that a transition is underway, with the 96-year-old monarch remaining on the throne but turning over more responsibilities to Charles.

Keep scrolling for a gallery of 25 photos from today’s opening of Parliament.

“The heir is teetering on the edge of becoming a de facto prince regent. William will observe what awaits him,” said former BBC royal reporter Peter Hunt. “With the queen progressively withdrawing from public life, the palace is keen to show the monarchy is safe in the hands of father and son.”

WHAT IS THE QUEEN’S SPEECH?

The speech lays out the government’s legislative program and is delivered during the formal opening of each session of Parliament. Since each parliamentary session lasts about a year, it is a roughly annual event.

The speech is written by the elected government, currently led by Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

<p>The Imperial State Crown is carried through the Sovereign's Entrance ahead of the State Opening of Parliament at Houses of Parliament, in London, Tuesday, May 10, 2022. </p>

Chris Jackson/Pool Photo via AP

The Imperial State Crown is carried through the Sovereign's Entrance ahead of the State Opening of Parliament at Houses of Parliament, in London, Tuesday, May 10, 2022. 

It is delivered during the state opening of Parliament. The monarch traditionally arrives in a horse-drawn carriage, sits on the Sovereign’s Throne in the House of Lords and wears the Imperial State Crown

But Charles, 73, sat not on the sovereign’s throne, which had been removed, but on the consort’s throne, which had been used by his father, Prince Philip. In the place where the queen’s throne normally is placed, the Imperial State Crown was place on a velvet cushion.

Charles delivered the speech in the third person, using “Her Majesty’s Government.”

WHY DID ELIZABETH DECIDE TO SKIP THE SPEECH?

Buckingham Palace didn’t elaborate on what it called “episodic mobility problems,” but the queen has had difficulty moving around in recent months. She has been seen using a cane on some occasions and Prince Andrew escorted her into Westminster Abbey for the memorial service for her late husband, Prince Philip, last month.

<p>Britain's Prince Charles, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, and Britain's Prince William proceed behind the Imperial State Crown through the Royal Gallery for the State Opening of Parliament at the Palace of Westminster in London, Tuesday, May 10, 2022. </p>

Hannah McKay/Pool via AP

Britain's Prince Charles, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, and Britain's Prince William proceed behind the Imperial State Crown through the Royal Gallery for the State Opening of Parliament at the Palace of Westminster in London, Tuesday, May 10, 2022. 

That said, the speech involves more than just reading the remarks. There is long walk to the House of Lords, stairs to her throne — and in times past, carriages. All of these obstacles might offer a challenge for the sovereign.

Elizabeth, who only recently recovered from a bout of COVID-19, is also preparing for four days of festivities celebrating her Platinum Jubilee that are scheduled for June 2-5.

HAS THE QUEEN EVER MISSED THE SPEECH BEFORE?

Yes. In 1959, when she was in the late stages of pregnancy with Prince Andrew, and again in 1963 before the birth of Prince Edward.

On both of those occasions, Parliament was opened by a royal commission, with the speech delivered by the presiding member.

SO WHAT’S DIFFERENT THIS TIME?

This year the queen has formally asked Prince Charles to deliver the speech under rules that allow her to delegate some of her duties to senior members of the royal family who are considered “counselors of state.” Counselors of state are required to act in pairs, so Charles will be accompanied by his eldest son, Prince William.

Because the duties have been delegated to Charles, there will be less disruption of the ceremonial aspects of the day.

PHOTO GALLERY