Shirin Ebadi - Fast Facts
Here is a look at the life of Shirin Ebadi, the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Personal: Birth date: 1947
Birth place: Hamedan, Iran
Father: Muhammad Ali Ebadi, law professor and lawyer
Mother: Minu Yamini
Marriage: Javad Tavassolian (1975-present)
Children: Nargess (female), Negar (female)
Education: University of Tehran, law degree, 1969; University of Tehran, doctorate, 1971
Other Facts: Is the first Iranian to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Is a campaigner for women's and children's rights and has published numerous books on the subject.
Worked to try to change child custody laws in Iran after 9-year-old Arian Golshani was beaten to death by her father and step-mother. Golshani's mother was not allowed to have custody of her due to Iranian laws that favor men over women.
Timeline: March 1969 - The first and only female judge in Iran.
1975-1979 - Serves as president of the city court of Tehran.
1979 - Is forced to step down as a judge after the Islamic Revolution.
May 1997 - Plays a key role in the landslide presidential election of the reformist Mohamad Khatami.
1999, 2000 - Represents families of writers and intellectuals killed.
1999 - Works to expose conspirators behind an attack by pro-clergy assailants on students at Tehran University.
2000 - Spends about three weeks in jail after a closed trial. Ebadi is given a suspended sentence and is banned from working as a lawyer for five years.
2001 - Wins the Rafto Prize in recognition of her sustained fight, over many years, for human rights and democracy in Iran.
2003 - Wins the Nobel Peace Prize for her work fighting for democracy and the rights of women and children.
2004 - Comes together with other female Nobel Peace Prize winners at the time, Wangari Maathai and Jody Williams, to work on a plan for empowering women worldwide in the fight against injustice, violence and inequality. The plan becomes the Nobel Women's Initiative.
2006 - Publishes a memoir called Iran Awakening: One Woman's Journey to Reclaim Her Life and Country.
2007 - Represents imprisoned American scholar Haleh Esfandiari, who was arrested on charges of threatening national security.
April 2008 - Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad orders police protection for Ebadi after she receives death threats.
June 6, 2008 - Talks about her new book, Refugee Rights In Iran, in London.
December 21, 2008 - Ebadi says that Iranian security forces raided and shut down her offices in Tehran.
January 1, 2009 - Protesters attack Ebadi's home and office, spraying graffiti and shouting that she supports Israel.
June 2009 - Ebadi leaves Iran the day before presidential elections and does not return.
November 2009 - Iranian government confiscates the Nobel medal Ebadi was awarded in 2003 and freezes her bank accounts.
2011 - Publishes a new book called The Golden Cage: Three Brothers, Three Choices, One Destiny.
April 2012 - Is a panelist at the 12th World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates.